What is Environmental and Soil Science – Soil Science Concentration
One of the greatest natural resources on our planet is the soil underneath our feet! Soil Scientists are in great demand as our soil resource base continues to shrink and be threatened. Soil Scientists are trained to understand and manage soil and other natural resources such as water, including soil and water conservation issues, land use concerns, best management practices for urban and rural lands, waste disposal, and reclamation of disturbed lands. The Soil Science Concentration in the Environmental and Soil Sciences major is challenging, science-based and emphasizes soils and their long-term use, conservation, and productivity. Surface and sub-surface water resources are an integral part of Soil Science as well. Students learn to evaluate soil characteristics in the field and lab using industry-standard tests and techniques. They learn to survey, identify, classify, and map soils, and to predict the suitability of a soil for specific uses. Students in this program study basic natural sciences such as botany, chemistry, microbiology, and physics as well as applied areas such as ecology, soil sciences, climate change, and natural resource policy. Students also build expertise with modern technologies such as geographical information systems, global positioning systems, and computer applications in natural resource management.
Career Opportunities in Environmental and Soil Science – Soil Science Concentration
As a Soil Scientist, you can choose from a wide range of job opportunities that take you into the field, laboratory, or office. Federal, State, and local governments employ 13 percent of all soil scientists. Many soil scientists work at consulting firms, helping businesses, farmers, and landowners manage their natural resources. Soil Scientists also write risk assessments and technical proposals, describing the likely effects of construction and other environmental changes. Examples of potential careers include: reclaiming contaminated sites to comply with environmental regulations; designing and monitoring landfills; analyzing and protecting rural or urban water supplies; working in a university or industry setting such as a soil and environmental specialist or scientist; private consulting in environmental and agricultural areas; working in a soil, plant and water analysis laboratory; and working with non-governmental organizations in efforts to protect and teach about our soil and other natural resources. Graduates also have the theoretical training necessary for attaining advanced degrees in a variety of natural resource-related fields or law school. Our students take core physical and biological sciences, math, plant and soil classes that lead to certification as a soil scientist, a professional requirement in many agencies and companies.
Salary Trends in Environmental and Soil Science – Soil Science Concentration
According to the 2010-11 Occupational Outlook Handbookk by the U.S. Department of Labor, median annual wages of soil scientists were $58,390 in May 2008. The middle 50 percent earned between $44,150 and $78,080. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $34,260, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $105,340. The average Federal salary in 2009 was $79,158 in soil science. According to the National Association of Colleges and Employers, beginning salary offers in July 2009 for graduates with a bachelor’s degree in soil science was 34,699 a year.
High School Preparation
Successful Soil Science students typically have a good high school background in math, physics, biology, earth science, and chemistry. This background will enable you to more easily begin your college work. Also, if you are able to earn advanced placement credit in some of these areas, you may have additional options later in your degree program. These could include taking specialized courses that interest you, working in a lab, or contributing to a research project and thus providing valuable experience and improving your employment opportunities.
Freshman admission to the program follows the general requirements of the University. Admission chances are enhanced by high ACT/SAT scores and a solid high school transcript.
Transfer Student Preparation
The transfer students that do best in Soil Science come in with a strong background in the physical and biological science, and math, having done well in the equivalent of Chemistry I, Geology, Biology I, and pre-calculus. Having most of the general education core completed is recommended. In addition, transfer students from community colleges do best at UT when they have completed 60 credit hours at the community college. There is an articulation agreement in Soil Science with both Pellissippi and Roane State Community Colleges. Several community colleges offer an introductory soil science class which will transfer to the Soils concentration.
How to Major in Environmental and Soil Science – Soil Science Concentration
The Soil Science concentration is housed in the Biosystems Engineering & Soil Science Department under the Environmental and Soil Science major. Our faculty and students enjoy talking with prospective students. A faculty member (or a student, if you prefer) will be happy to guide you through our labs and answer your questions about the department, major, and career opportunities. It is important to choose your desired concentration early (preferably at or before enrollment), to avoid having to make up specific required courses. There are provisions for elective courses to be taken in specific subject areas at various stages of your degree program. Students consult with their faculty advisors each semester about their interests and the appropriate classes to meet the students’ needs.
Requirements for Environmental and Soil Science – Soil Science Concentration
During the freshman year, the Soil Science Concentration emphasizes foundational physical and biological sciences, writing skills and necessary math. The sophomore year includes science, as well as computer applications, economics, statistics, and some introductory core courses.
In the junior and senior years, the Soil Science Concentration directs students into a variety of core courses that emphasize soil and plant sciences. The Soil Science Concentration shares many courses with the Environmental Science Concentration, but focuses more intensely on the formation, biology, chemistry, and physics of soils.
Directed technical electives allow students to focus on an area of interest. This focus introduces students to natural resource problems and their management, including:
• Soil and water conservation issues
• Land use problems
• Waste disposal, and
• Reclamation of disturbed lands
Other areas of interest can be pursued through the appropriate selection of technical electives.
Special Programs, Co-ops, and Internships
An internship is a structured 10-12 week work session, usually in the summer, in which you apply what you have learned in the classroom to real-life problems, while being mentored by a trained professional. Students are employed in paid full-time positions by industry, business, and government organizations, providing valuable experience and a competitive salary. The Environmental and Soil Sciences program encourages all students to intern while in college. Can you see yourself helping with a site reclamation project, working in a soil testing lab, or doing field measurements for the USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service? Many of our students work as summer interns in the Student Conservation Corps, where they get to live and work in a spectacular national park.
Highlights of Environmental and Soil Science – Soil Science Concentration
Here are some additional reasons to consider Soil Science at UT:
- An excellent student:professor ratio. This means more one-to-one time with professors for academic counseling and assistance with coursework. Graduates consistently rank our outstanding, caring faculty as one of our strengths.
- Training in delivering presentations — through seminars, poster sessions, papers, and attendance at professional meetings.
- Excellent scholarship support. Our students are eligible for scholarship money from both the University and the College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources.
- An active student Plant, Soil and Environmental Science club with numerous fun and civic activities.
- The chance to participate in Soil Vols, our soil judging team.
In addition to providing its graduates with a skill set and academic preparation that are needed around the world, Soil Science takes an international perspective in both its research and educational missions. Departmental researchers have recently worked in or cooperated with researchers from countries ranging from Australia to Zambia, with countries in-between including Taiwan, Vietnam, Brazil, Ecuador, and many others. Students have spent semesters abroad in countries from Sweden to Malta to South Africa, and have traveled with College trips to Thailand, Mexico, and Jamaica. Finally, our student body includes students from Senegal, South Africa, Thailand, Turkey, China, Colombia, and other countries. CASNR does offer some scholarships for CASNR students participating in study abroad programs. Students, faculty and staff participate in the annual Unity through Diversity Dinner held each fall. Some students select a minor in Modern Foreign Languages and Literature. Soil Science is not only ready for the world; it sees its mission as meeting needs throughout the world.
Learn more about UT’s Ready for the World initiative to help students gain the international and intercultural knowledge they need to succeed in today’s world.
|Freshman Year||Credit Hours|
|Math for the Life Sciences||6|
|Soils and Civilizations||3|
|Critical Courses: English 101-102, Chem 120-130, ESS 120, Math 151|
|Sophomore Year||Credit Hours|
|Introduction to Soil Science||4|
|General education electives||6|
|Critical Courses: Biology 140 or 112, ESS 210, Math 152, Physics 221|
|Junior Year||Credit Hours|
|Surveying or GIS||3|
|Soil Nutrient Management||3|
|Soil and Water Conservation||3|
|Environmental Soil Biology||3|
|World Food and Fiber Crops||3|
|General Education elective||3|
|Critical Courses: ESS 324 and 334, Chem 110 or 350, Chem 310, Geol 101, Stat 201 or PLSC 461|
|Senior Year||Credit Hours|
|Natural Resource Economics||3|
|Environmental Soil Chemistry||3|
|Environmental Soil Physics||3|
|Soil Genesis and Classification||3|
|Critical Courses: ESS 434, 442, 444, 454, 462|
For More Information
Department of Biosystems Engineering and Soil Science
University of Tennessee
2506 E.J. Chapman Drive
Knoxville, TN 37996-4531
Phone: (865) 974-7266, 974-7237
The information on this page should be considered general information only. For more specific information on this and other programs refer to the UT catalog or contact the department and/or college directly.