What is Kinesiology
Kinesiology is the study of human movement and the associated responses and adaptations. In this context, a kinesiologist must understand the scientific basis underlying exercise-induced biomechanical and physiological responses. Although kinesiology professionals often work in sports medicine facilities, the field of kinesiology is quite broad. Depending upon one’s area of interest, a kinesiology major might study: (1) how to develop and lead exercise programs for diverse populations; (2) how organ systems work at the cellular level; or (3) how to improve biomechanical efficiency in tasks of everyday living. The undergraduate B.S. degree in Kinesiology is a 120–122 semester-hour science-based program with emphasis on the study of exercise and human movement. The kinesiology program promotes and integrates scientific research, education, and practical applications of kinesiology to maintain and enhance health, fitness, performance, and quality of life. Coursework in kinesiology prepares you for the job market or for further schooling in exercise science and/or health related fields such as physical therapy, medicine, and occupational therapy.
Career Opportunities in Kinesiology
This list is not all-inclusive but does identify some of the common fields of study, career and job opportunities, and minimal education requirements:
- Athletic trainer. Employers include schools, teams, clinics, and hospitals. (Undergraduate degree, master’s degree from an accredited National Athletic Trainers’ Association program)
- Biomechanist. Employers include product developers/users in research and clinical settings; future growth is expected in industrial settings. (Master’s or doctoral degree)
- Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation specialist. Employers include hospitals and clinics. (Undergraduate degree, often master’s degree, recognized certification)
- Exercise physiologist. Employers include commercial and clinical workplace settings. (Undergraduate degree minimum)
- Group exercise instructor. Employers include commercial and workplace fitness centers. (Some college courses, recognized certification)
- Fitness Manager/ Coordinator/ Specialist – Employers include fitness centers, YMCA’s, YWCA’s, hospital-based wellness centers, etc. (Undergraduate degree minimum, often master’s degree, recommended ACSM certification)
- Personal trainer/strength and conditioning coach. Personal trainers might be self-employed or work for a fitness facility. Strength and conditioning coaches are employed by universities and professional athletic teams. (Undergraduate degree minimum, recognized certification)
- Physical therapist or Occupational therapist. Employers include hospitals and clinics. (Most physical therapy programs require 3–4 years of physical therapy school after an Undergraduate degree)
- Physician/physician’s assistant. Employers include hospitals and clinics. (Undergraduate degree, 3–5 years of training, plus specialization training)
- Pharmaceutical/medical sales. Employers include pharmaceutical and other medical development companies. (Undergraduate degree minimum)
Salary Trends in Kinesiology
With an undergraduate degree and no experience, a starting salary of $18,000 to $30,000 per year is a good estimate. Factors such as experience, geographic location, employment setting, and market demand all affect salary estimations. If you obtain certification and one or more advanced degrees (e.g., master’s, Ph.D.), you can expect a greater salary. The same would be true if you had further professional training such as physical therapy or medical school. One of the best ways to gauge what salary you can expect is to speak with professionals who currently work in your field of interest. Geographical location can have a large impact on salary, therefore it is important that you speak with those who work where you would like to live.
High School Preparation
One of the best ways to learn about potential careers is to talk with people who have jobs that interest you. Often interested students can visit workplaces and see what people do while performing their jobs. Talk with your high school guidance counselor about setting up “job shadowing” experiences. You should also take the opportunity to get involved in activities that might relate to the exercise science major, such as performing volunteer work in hospital, clinic, and/or athletic training settings in your community or at your school. In regard to classes, you should take science and math, especially trigonometry, calculus, biology, chemistry, physics, anatomy, and physiology. It is also important to begin exercising on a routine basis. Exercising regularly, whether as a part of organized athletics or on your own, is important in establishing your commitment to lifelong physical activity. Regardless of what kinesiology career you pursue, a common theme is the importance of regular exercise for good health.
How to Major in Kinesiology
During your first one to two years, you should contact the College of Education, Health and Human Sciences Office of Student Services (865-974-8194) for advising. You should also enroll in KNS 100 (Orientation to Kinesiology). Other than KNS 100, the courses that you take in your first two years will be general education requirements and requirements for admission into the exercise science major, such as Chemistry 120-130, Math 125, and Physics 221-222. Students must apply to be admitted to the kinesiology major. Application for admission consideration may be completed after the successful completion of 45 semester-hours and completion of KNS 100, Chemistry 120, and Physics 221. A minimum GPA of 2.5 is required to apply for admission to the program. You must be admitted into the program before the completion of 75 hours and subsequently, satisfactory progress in classes must be demonstrated. A minimum GPA of 2.5 must be maintained to remain in the major.
Requirements for Kinesiology
The admissions criteria summarized above are the minimum requirements.
Special Programs, Co-ops, and Internships
Kinesiology students should take advantage of practicum and internship opportunities while enrolled at UT. These courses are highly recommended for all KNS majors. In practicum and internship courses, students work under the supervision of professionals in one of the fields of kinesiology (e.g., physical therapy, athletic training). The primary goal of these classes is to gain practical, hands-on experience while in school. These experiences can prove invaluable in making career decisions and developing professional contacts. All kinesiology majors must take the introductory practicum class and may take advantage of other opportunities. Practicum opportunities range from a one credit introductory course (KNS 260) to a more in-depth opportunity (KNS 426) and even to a full-time internship (KNS 490).
Highlights of Kinesiology
Kinesiology majors are exposed to a range of available activities. Students interested in research can work with the faculty on projects and gain professional elective credits (KNS 493). Kinesiology faculty members are active researchers and encourage undergraduate students to become involved in research. The honors research project (KNS 497) is available to those wanting to conduct an individual research project. Research experiences can prove valuable when applying to medical or graduate schools. Students interested in gaining hands-on experience have the opportunity to complete practicum courses (KNS 260 and 426) while taking other classes. A full-time internship (KNS 490) is available to those students who desire a culminating learning experience after their classroom work is completed.
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, offers study abroad programs in Asia, Europe, Africa, Australia, South America, and North America. Program lengths vary from mini-term trips to the entire academic year, and students may choose to fulfill general education requirements, study a foreign language, or take courses within their majors. In addition, UTK offers students opportunities for international internships.
Study abroad options certainly exist for Kinesiology majors! UTK Kinesiology majors have most frequently found compatible major coursework at institutions in other English-speaking countries. Possibilities include (but are not limited to) studying movement and performance analysis in sport in New Zealand, biomechanics of sport and exercise in England, physiology of exercise in Australia, or sports injury management in Ireland. In addition to taking major-related courses abroad, many students elect to fulfill their language requirement and/or general education courses overseas.
Consult an academic advisor early in your academic career about the best time for you to study abroad as well as what courses you may need to take. For more information about program options, the application process, and how to finance study abroad, please visit the Programs Abroad Office website. Learn more about UT’s Ready for the World initiative to help students gain the international and intercultural knowledge they need to succeed in today’s world.
Academic Plan and Milestones
Following an academic plan will help students stay on track to graduate in four years. Beginning with first-time, first-year, full-time, degree-seeking students entering in the Fall 2013 semester, UT has implemented Universal Tracking (uTrack), an academic monitoring system designed to help students stay on track for timely graduation. In order to remain on track, students must complete the minimum requirements for each tracking semester, known as milestones. Milestones may include successful completion of specified courses and/or attainment of a minimum GPA.
To see a sample academic plan and milestones for this major, go to http://catalog.utk.edu/preview_program.php?catoid=14&poid=5153.
For More Information
Department of Kinesiology, Recreation and Sport Studies
HPER 321B, 1914 Andy Holt Avenue
Knoxville, TN 37996-2700
The information on this page should be considered general information only. For more specific information on this and other programs refer to the UT catalog or contact the department and/or college directly.